Pigmentary disorders are a general term which includes hyperpigmentary disorders (darkening of the skin) and hypopigmentary disorders (decrease in the normal skin colour). The most common disorder being melasma (hyperpigmentary) and vitiligo (hypopigmentary).
How to treat Melasma?
The disease is generally treated with a combination of active ingredients for topical application; the most efficient being a triple combination drug, which must be used everyday, while applying a broad spectrum sunscreen several times a day.
How to treat Vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a difficult disease to treat. When it is of limited extent, topical treatments can be used, but when a large surface of the body is affected, ultraviolet light (UV) therapy is recommended, alone or in combination with topcail treatments.